Alabama Indians…A History Timeline

By  | July 8, 2018 | Filed under: Interesting Facts, News

The history and the way of life of Alabama Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Alabama Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of Indian Wars and Battles involving Alabama Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the history of the Alabama Indians.


Alabama History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Alabama

10,000BC The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters

7000 BC Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2500 BC Gulf Formational Period of the Southeast culture group with development of ceramics and pottery

1000 AD Woodland period with permanent houses and farming

1300 Mississippian culture period of Mound Builders

1519 The Alabama Indians were originally from Mississippi and members of the Muscogee Creek Confederacy. The Alabama tribe first encountered Europeans when Alonso Alvarez de Pineda led an expedition to the region

1528 Cabeza de Vaca visited Alabama

1540 Hernando de Soto led a Spanish expedition to the area.

1702 The first permanent European settlement was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile

1763 Treaty of Paris – British gained control of Alabama

1775 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution. Great Britain had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the US and Spain

1776 July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence

1803 The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1805 1805 – 1806: (Choctaw) and northern (Chickasaw and Cherokee) Indian cessions open up land to white settlement

1812 1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence


1813 Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia. The Creek Indians were defeated by American forces led by Andrew Jackson at Talladega in 1813, at Emuckfau, in 1814, at Enotochopco in 1814 and finally at the Horseshoe Bend of the Tallapoosa River when 750 Creeks were killed or drowned, and 201 whites were killed or wounded.

1830 Indian Removal Act

1832 Department of Indian Affairs established

1832 1832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the “Five Civilized Tribes” to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears

1835 The Alabama gold rush

1836 1836 – 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War) in which Creek warriors were defeated at Hobdy’s Bridge South Alabama

1861 1861 – 1865: The American Civil War.

1862 U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865 The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887 Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969 All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979 American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed


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